Former Liang

From Academic Kids

This article is part of
the Sixteen Kingdoms
series.
16 Kingdoms
Cheng Han
Han Zhao
Later Zhao
Former Liang
Later Liang
Western Liang
Northern Liang
Southern Liang
Former Qin
Later Qin
Western Qin
Former Yan
Later Yan
Northern Yan
Southern Yan
Xia
Not included
in 16 Kingdoms
Wei
Shu
Western Yan
Duan
Yuwen
Chouchi
Dingling

The Former Liang (Chinese character: 前凉, Hanyu pinyin Qin Ling) (320-376) was a state of the Sixteen Kingdoms during the Jin Dynasty (265-420) in China. It was founded by the Zhang family of the Han Chinese. Its territories included present-day Gansu and parts of Ningxia, Shaanxi, Qinghai and Xinjiang.

All rulers of the Former Liang remained titularly under the court of the Jin Dynasty (265-420) except Zhang Zuo who proclaimed himself "wang".

Rulers of the Former Liang

Temple names Posthumous names Family names and given name Durations of reigns Era names and their according durations
Chinese convention: use family and given names
Did not exist Cheng (成 Chng) Zhang Mao (張茂 Zhāng Mo) 320-324 Jianxing (建興 Jinxīng) 320-324
Did not exist Zhongcheng (忠成 Zhōngchng) Zhang Jun (張駿 Zhāng Jn) 324-346 Jianxing (建興 Jinxīng) 324-346
Did not exist Huan (桓 Hun) Zhang Chonghua (張重華 Zhāng Chnghu) 346-353 Jianxing (建興 Jinxīng) 346-353
Did not exist Ai (哀 āi) Zhang Yaoling (張曜靈 Zhāng Yolng) 3 months (the ninth to the twelfth month) in 353 Jianxing (建興 Jinxīng) 353
Did not exist King Wei (威王 Wēi Wng) Zhang Zuo (張祚 Zhāng Zu) 353-355 Jianxing (建興 Jinxīng) 353-354
   Heping   (和平 Hpng) 354-355
Did not exist Jingdao (敬悼 Jngdo) or Chong (沖 Chōng) Zhang Xuanjing (張玄靖 Zhāng Xunjng) 355-363 Jianxing (建興 Jinxīng) 355-361
   Shengping (升平 Shēngpng) 361-363
Did not exist Dao (悼 Do) Zhang Tianxi (張天錫 Zhāng Tiānx) 364-376 Shengping (升平 Shēngpng) 364-376

Related Topics

ja:前涼 zh:前凉

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